Key Stage 2 (7 - 11 yrs)
The aims of this subject are to give the children an introduction to the world around them and the discipline of viewing it with a geographical outlook. In Year 3 the children continue to read, interpret and make maps. They research some of the main geographical features of the British Isles by using their mapping skills. They make an in-depth study of Hastings looking at land use, human and physical Geography and comparing them with their own locality. A study of Mexico concludes the year.
In Year 4 the children begin the year by continuing to study world locations and using world maps in greater detail than previously. They are expected to be able to identify continents, oceans significant lines and capital cities. There is an emphasis on the making of maps and the history of exploration and map making. The children take a trip to the Maritime Museum in Greenwich to support this area. In Term 2 the children carry out an in depth study of India. The last term is spent comparing different settlements and identifying the features of their own area.
In Year 5 the children examine world weather. They carry out a practical investigation project, look at weather extremes and the effects of weather on humans. As part of the study of how the landscape is formed, the children study volcanoes and earthquakes in the second term. They look at the causes and outcomes and research specific incidents.
Finally, they examine how rivers shape the landscape and follow a rivers development from source to sea. They also examine a rivers effect on landscape and the people who live by them.
In Year 6 the children return to the topic of settlements for a more in depth study of their characteristics. They consider environmental problems and discuss possible resolutions, make comparisons and identify specific types of settlement. They move on to the topic of water in Term 2 when they look at the Water Cycle; identify sources and distribution of water and consider the effects of drought and pollution. Finally they return to mapping skills; reading Ordnance survey maps, making contour maps and mapping the area of the school.